Category Archives: Books

‘No limits in what you can achieve- the significance of self-image’

Countless times I have wondered how we can be successful in every aspect in life, why some of us are and some aren’t. The truth is those who are; know the essentialness of self-image upgrade and update, as well as, that the power behind change of mind is formula for change of life. Bursting the boundaries of our mental limitations and emancipating ourselves of constricting conservative thoughts paves out the expansion of what we are destined to achieve.

Stop, Think, only for a moment, now, write a figure that you want to accumulate in precisely 12 months from now, no limits, no restrictions.

The exact amount will tell you how much value you attribute to yourself in one year, surprising? No? Ask yourself, why did you put that particular figure? Why not one pound, one dollar, or one penny more? (Remove every external factor that your mind is bound by) By this simple exercise which takes less than a few seconds we can astronomically shift the poles of our self-image and accomplish anything. There are no limits in what you can achieve… 

‘Character equals destiny’- Heraclitus, Greek philosopher


Inspired by- The Secret – Ask and Its Given- The Instat Millionaire

Nanobiomaterials in Clinical Dentistry


Karthikeyan Subramani, Waqar Ahmed and James Hartsfield

Publishers: Elsevier (2012)


Nanomaterials in Clinical Dentistry

Nanobiomaterials in Clinical Dentistry


New nanomaterials are leading to a range of emerging dental treatments that utilize more biomimetic materials that more closely duplicate natural tooth structure (or bone, in the case of implants). This book brings together an international team of experts from the fields of materials science, nanotechnology and dentistry, to explain these new materials and their applications for the restoration, fixation, replacement, or regeneration of hard and soft tissues in and about the oral cavity and craniofacial region. The main topics covered include applications in dental specialties (Orthodontics, Endodontics, Pediatric dentistry, Periodontics, Prosthodontics and Implant dentistry), salivary diagnostics using bioMEMS/NEMS systems, nanochips for oral cancer diagnosis, biomimetic nanomaterials, and nanotechnology for tooth repair and regeneration. The editors’ previous book, Emerging Nanotechnologies in Dentistry focused on the fabrication/manufacturing processes of materials and dentistry applications. This second book complements the first covers with coverage of the range of nanomaterials available today in clinical dentistry, explaining the innovative techniques and applications in all of the main clinical dental specialties. Nanobiomaterial engineers, biomedical researchers, biomedical engineers and dental/oral pre-clinical and clinical researchers will find the comprehensive coverage essential for working with nanotechnologies and materials in both clinicaland research settings. Book prepared by an interdisciplinary and international group of scientists and practitioners in the fields of nanomaterials, dental implants, medical devices and clinical practice. Comprehensive professional reference for the subject covering materials fabrication and use of materials for all major diagnostic and therapeutic dental applications – repair, restoration, regeneration, implants and prevention. Complements the editors’ previous book on nanotechnology applications for dentistry.

Emerging Nanotechnologies in Dentistry: Processes, Materials and Applications


Karthikeyan Subramani and Waqar Ahmed

Publisher: Elsevier

Emerging Nanotechnologies in Dentistry: Processes, Materials and Applications (Micro and Nano Technologies)

 Emerging Nanotechnologies in Dentistry

New nanomaterials are leading to a range of emerging dental treatments that utilize more biomimetic materials that more closely duplicate natural tooth structure (or bone, in the case of implants). The use of nanostructures that will work in harmony with the body’s own regenerative processes (eg, to restore tooth structure or alveolar bone) are moving into clinical practice. This book brings together an international team of experts from the fields of nanomaterials, biomedical engineering and dentistry, to cover the new materials and techniques with potential for use intra-orally or extra-orally for the restoration, fixation, replacement, or regeneration of hard and soft tissues in and about the oral cavity and craniofacial region. New dental nanotechnologies include the use of advanced inorganic and organic materials, smart and biomimetic materials, tissue engineering and drug delivery strategies. This book prepared by an interdisciplinary and international group of bio-nanomaterial scientists and dental/oral biomedical researchers. It is a comprehensive professional reference for the subject covering materials fabrication and use of materials for all major diagnostic and therapeutic dental applications – repair, restoration, regeneration, implants and prevention. This book focuses in depth on the materials manufacturing processes involved with emphasis on pre-clinical and clinical applications, use and biocompatibility.

Human Gait Analysis Using Wearable Sensors: Biometric analysis for security applications


Hewa Balisane, Waqar Ahmed and Peter Twigg

Publisher: Lambert Academic Publishers (2012)

Human Gait Analysis Using Wearable Sensors: Biometric analysis for security applications

Human Gait Analysis Using Wearable Sensors

Biometrics is concerned with measurement and analysis of a universal, unique and measurable physiological or behavioural characteristic. Biometric data is taken from individuals, extracting feature sets from the data and comparing it with the enrolment set in a database. Existing analyses techniques using wearable sensors are applied to gait analyses in children for biometric gait recognition. The performance degradation for children walking compared to adult walking is approximately 100%. A 6.21% Equal Error Rate (EER) for adult gait recognition was reached compared to 12.69% for children. Carrying an object showed that the performance actually improved compared to normal walking. However, faster walking was unstable resulting in a higher Equal Error Rate (EER). Age and gender differences showed significant variations in EER values. A coupled approach of statistical time-domain and frequency domain methods was employed to match biometric gait signals. Using root mean squared, crest-factor and kurtosis obtained similar matches in gait signals of children for the ages of 5-16 than for the traditional methods.

Nanocarrier Systems for Drug Delivery for the Treatment of Asthma: Liposomes as Model Carrier Systems


Abdelbary Elhissi, Kevin Taylor and Waqar Ahmed

Publisher: Lambert Academic Publishers

Nanocarrier Systems for Drug Delivery for the Treatment of Asthma: Liposomes as Model Carrier Systems

Nanocarrier Systems for the Treatment of Asthma

This book presents work on nanocarrier systems for pulmonary drug delivery for use in the treatment of asthma. Using sucrose as a carrier, liposomes were generated or dispersed in situ from proliposomes within the medical nebulisers investigated. The Pari (air-jet) and the Omron (vibrating-mesh) nebulisers produced large mass and lipid outputs with a large lipid fraction deposited in the lower stage of a two-stage impinger. The Liberty (Ultrasonic) nebuliser failed to deliver more than 6% of the lipid employed.Multilamellar liposomes were generated from ethanol-based proliposomes. The resultant vesicles entrapped 62% of the available salbutamol sulphate compared to only 1.23% entrapped by liposomes made by the thin film method. Aeroneb Pro or Aeroneb Go vibrating-mesh nebulisers generated aerosol droplets of larger volume median diameter and narrower size distribution than the Pari (air-jet) nebuliser. Unlike the vibrating-mesh nebulisers, the performance of the jet nebuliser was independent of formulation. A nebuliser-dependent significant loss of the originally entrapped drug was demonstrated. A customised large mesh Aeroneb Pro reduced the drug losses during nebulisation.

Carbon Based Nanomaterials


Nasar Ali, Andreas Ochner and Waqar Ahmed

Publisher: Tran Tech Publications (2010)

Front Cover

Carbon Based Nanomaterials

 Carbon is an essential constituent element of all living organisms.  A unique feature of carbon is the variety of forms that it can assume when two or more atoms bond. Carbon has thus attracted, and continues to attract, considerable R&D interest from researchers all over the world. The use of carbon in nanotechnology is a very promising area of research, and considerable government funding is being invested in carbon nanotechnology research.

Even after many years of study, an aura of mystery continues to surround the question of how many crystallographic forms/allotropes of carbon exist. The known forms of carbon are: graphene, graphite, diamond, nanotubes, fullerenes (C60, C36….) and nanodiamondoids. Each of these forms of carbon is characterized by different numbers of hybrid orbitals (sp2, sp3, sp).
This work comprises ten comprehensive chapters, on carbon-based materials, written by experts in the field. The chapters contain up-to-date fundamental and practical information concerning carbon-based materials. They include work on diamondoid hydrocarbons, carbon nanotubes, nanocrystalline/microcrystalline/ultra-nanocrystalline diamond and carbon nanostructured materials, thus providing an uniquely valuable introduction to the subjecy.

Nanocomposite Coatings and Nanocomposite Materials


A. Ochner, W. Ahmed and N. Ali

Publisher: Trans Tech Publications (2009)

Front Cover

Nanocomposite Coatings and Nanocomposite Materials

Nanocomposite materials are formed by mixing two or more dissimilar materials at the nanoscale in order to control and develop new and improved structures and properties. The properties of nanocomposites depend not only upon the individual components used but also upon the morphology and the interfacial characteristics. Nanocomposite coatings and materials are among the most exciting and fastest-growing areas of research; with new materials being continually developed which often exhibit novel properties that are absent in the constituent materials. Nanocomposite materials and coatings therefore offer enormous potential for new applications including: aerospace, automotive, electronics, biomedical implants, non-linear optics, mechanically reinforced lightweight materials, sensors, nano-wires, batteries, bioceramics, energy conversion and many others. This exciting new book comprises 9 chapters; each written in an easily understandable style by international experts and in a format suitable for students (undergraduate or post-graduate), technologists and experts seeking to expand their knowledge in the area of nanocomposite materials and coatings. Although an elementary knowledge of materials is assumed throughout, there is a comprehensive introduction to each chapter which covers the most important references, details of the experimental methods and techniques used, and a description of the latest research work. Four comprehensive chapters cover the design, synthesis and applications of nanocomposite coatings. Past developments in nanocomposites were hindered by a lack of available characterisation techniques for probing materials at the nanoscale. A complete chapter is therefore dedicated to the latest characterisation techniques available for investigating nanocomposite coatings and nanocomposite materials. Organic/inorganic nanocomposite materials have a vast potential for fulfilling many new applications and, by engineering the polymers-host interactions, nanocomposites having a broad range of properties can be produced. The synthesis and the applications of hybrid organic-inorganic nanostructured materials are described in a particularly comprehensive chapter. Novel routes are being developed in order to synthesise three-dimensional nanocomposites. Hence, three chapters are devoted to nanowires, reinforced nanocomposites and hierarchical nanocomposites.

Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering


W. Ahmed, N. Ali and A. Ochner

Publishers: Trans Tech Publications (2008)


 Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering

 Biomedical engineering involves the application of the principles and techniques of engineering to the enhancement of medical science as applied to humans or animals. It involves an interdisciplinary approach which combines the materials, mechanics, design, modelling and problem-solving skills employed in engineering with medical and biological sciences so as to improve the health, lifestyle and quality-of-life of individuals.  Biomedical engineering is a relatively new field, and involves a whole spectrum of disciplines covering: bioinformatics, medical imaging, image processing, physiological signal processing, biomechanics, biomaterials and bioengineering, systems analysis, 3-D modelling, etc. Combining these disciplines, systematically and synergistically yields total benefits which are much greater than the sum of the individual components. Prime examples of the successful application of biomedical engineering include the development and manufacture of biocompatible prostheses, medical devices, diagnostic devices and imaging equipment and pharmaceutical drugs.

The purpose of this book is to present the latest research and development carried out in the areas of biomedical engineering, biomaterials and nanomaterials science and to highlight the applications of such systems. Particular emphasis is given to the convergence of nano-scale effects, as related to the delivery of enhanced biofunctionality. The contents describe a number of materials/engineering approaches that are currently being explored in order to create systems that can impart clinical benefits. They reflect many of the significant challenges to producing medical implants and therapies that are capable of achieving the regeneration of viable tissues and organs for implantation. It is intended that this volume should serve as a key reference for those who wish to contribute to the global endeavour towards improving the clinical outcomes for patients of today and tomorrow.

Biomechanics of Hard Tissue

Modelling, Testing, and Materials


Andreas Ochner and Waqar Ahmed

Publishers: WILEY-VCH(2010)

Biomechanics of Hard Tissues

Biomechanics of Hard Tissue

This monograph assembles expert knowledge on the latest biomechanical modeling and testing of hard tissues, coupled with a concise introduction to the structural and physical properties of bone and cartilage.
A strong focus lies on the current advances in understanding bone structure and function from a materials science perspective, providing practical knowledge on how to model, simulate and predict the mechanical behavior of bone. The book presents directly applicable methods for designing and testing the performance of artificial bones and joint replacements, while addressing innovative and safe approaches to stimulated bone regeneration essential for clinical researchers.

Surface Engineered Surgical Tools and Medical Devices


Mark J. Jackson and Waqar Ahmed

Foreward by Prof Sir Harold Kroto FRS, Nobel Laureate, Chemistry 1996

Publishers: Springer (2007)

Surface Engineered Surgical Tools and Medical Devices

Surface Engineered Surgical Tools and Medical Devices

This book examines the interaction between nano tools and nano materials. It explains the use of appropriate tools in surgery for a variety of applications and provides a complete description of clinical procedures accompanied by photographs. Coverage also presents the latest developments in surface coatings technology such as chemical vapor deposition for use on complex cutting tools for biomedical applications.

Medical devices and surgical tools that contain micro and nanoscale features allow surgeons to perform clinical procedures with greater precision and safety while monitoring physiological and biomechanical parameters more accurately. While surgeons have started to master the use of nanostructured surgical tools in the operating room, this book addresses for the first time the impact and interaction of nanomaterials and nanostructured coatings in a comprehensive manner. Surface Engineered Surgical Tools and Medical Devices presents the latest information and techniques in the emerging field of surface engineered biomedical devices and surgical tools, and analyzes the interaction between nanotechnology, nanomaterials, and tools for surgical applications. Chapters of the book describe developments in coatings for heart valves, stents, hip and knee joints, cardiovascular devices, orthodontic applications, and regenerative materials such as bone substitutes. Chapters are also dedicated to the performance of surgical tools and dental tools and describe how nanostructured surfaces can be created for the purposes of improving cell adhesion between medical devices and the human body.