I avoid publishing our research work in open access journals purely due the cost involved. I was wrong as the letter to my coauthor and top collaborator below demonstrates – open access could well be the future if you want your work read and cited.
What are the important factors when deciding where to publish? Here is a list of 5 factors to consider.
1. Open access or standard pay for access to download and read.
2. The reputation of the publisher. Is it well known, large and in international markets?
3. Impact factor of the journal.
4. The number of readers the journal has or circulation.
5. Does it have wide scope or limited to a small specialist audience
What else do you need to consider if you want your work to be read and cited?
On 18 Sep 2013, at 06:17, Mark Jackson wrote:
Dear Dr. Jackson,
We are pleased to inform you that your paper “Finite Element Analysis of Desktop Machine Tools for Micromachining Applications” has achieved impressive readership results.
The chapter you have published with InTech in the book “Finite Element Analysis – From Biomedical Applications to Industrial Developments” has so far been accessed 2000 times. Congratulations on the significant impact that your work has achieved to date.
The top downloads of your paper are from the following five countries:
USA, India, China, Brazil, Canada’s
More information and statistics regarding your paper can be found on your Author Panel:
If you are interested in additionally disseminating your work, there you will also find the necessary
The book containing your paper can be directly accessed at this link:
We congratulate you once again on your success.
InTech – open science, open minds
Phone: +385 (51) 770 447
Fax: +385 (51) 686 166
Janeza Trdine 9
51000 Rijeka, Croatia
As a student I did two things everyday that developed my research skills.
I wanted to know as soon as someone did something new in my field. I was curious about new developments in science and technology. Straight after lunch I would go to the library scanning A-Z of latest journals and read anything of interest. Sometimes I would be in the library for 15 minutes but if I found something really interesting then two hours would be too short. I always carried a note book to write down interesting things I was reading. As a result I was the most informed student in my group. This gave me interesting topics to talk about with friends, fellow students and academic staff.
I also spent time in quiet places where I could think about my project and note down any ideas for new experiments and interpret things I had read or analyse graphs and tables. I also freed my imagination and asked questions about what would happen if I did various things that I did not have facilities and capabilities to do in my lab. This habit developed my planning and analytical abilities. It also opened my mind up to search for people who could do what I wanted. My mind was tuned into collaborations and linkages naturally. I would go to a conference or meeting to another university and seek out people and facilities that could help me to do new experiments.
In this blog post I want to emphasise the importance of regular reports.
So, what are the benefits of doing a weekly research report?
1. You will have a written record of what you have done during the week.
2. The report will help you to reflect and analyse your efforts and the things you have done.
3. You will have things to discuss with other research students and supervisors so that you get valuable feedback.
4. Your ability to write will improve and help you towards writing transfer reports and thesis in the future.
5. It will help you to develop focused creativity.
6. The report will help you monitor your own progress and keep you on track.
7. It will highlight your strengths and weaknesses.
8. The report will improve your efficiency and will save you time when you have to do longer reports and write your thesis.
Reading makes a full man; conference a ready man; and writing an exact man. Francis Bacon
How to do weekly reports? Here are some ideas
1. Decide a report structure that works best for you and your advisor. Keep the structure simple.
2. When I was working in industry my manager only had few minutes to read reports. My report included
a) what contracts have come in? How much they are worth? Who are the clients?
b) what contracts are you bidding for? How much and with who?
c) what are the chances of securing the contracts?
d) what can you do to increase the value of the business?
3. Write the report in your own words. Polish the grammar and the language. Give it your best effort.
4. Keep your report short and limit it to 2 pages.
5. Have 3 subheadings
a) Work completed
b) What do the results mean?
c) What are you going to do next? Why?
6. Have a fixed deadline for the report eg Friday 12:00. It will give you focus. Always stick to your deadline. Never be late.
7. Send your report to your supervisors for feedback or post on private blog.
8. Always reflect and act on the feedback and advice given.
9. Enjoy writing your weekly report.
The discipline of writing something down is the first step towards making it happen. Lee Iacocca
Countless times I have wondered how we can be successful in every aspect in life, why some of us are and some aren’t. The truth is those who are; know the essentialness of self-image upgrade and update, as well as, that the power behind change of mind is formula for change of life. Bursting the boundaries of our mental limitations and emancipating ourselves of constricting conservative thoughts paves out the expansion of what we are destined to achieve.
Stop, Think, only for a moment, now, write a figure that you want to accumulate in precisely 12 months from now, no limits, no restrictions.
The exact amount will tell you how much value you attribute to yourself in one year, surprising? No? Ask yourself, why did you put that particular figure? Why not one pound, one dollar, or one penny more? (Remove every external factor that your mind is bound by) By this simple exercise which takes less than a few seconds we can astronomically shift the poles of our self-image and accomplish anything. There are no limits in what you can achieve…
‘Character equals destiny’- Heraclitus, Greek philosopher
Inspired by- The Secret – Ask and Its Given- The Instat Millionaire
That momentum which has kept me going all these months has abruptly come to an end. Whilst most people in my situation would be filled with elation. The lack of mental stimulation and pressure has left me in a dazed haze. For I find myself at a loss as to what to do with my endless time. In many ways, I truly am a person who needs a ‘project’. Thus, my advice to anyone who is nearing the end of their tenure as a PhD student is to maintain their momentum have ‘projects’ and ideas set in motion as they finish. The burning desire to command and conquer will fizzle out in all certainty extremely quickly if not directed at something, this much I know now. Fortunately, I have found an outlet for my unused energy in the form of a new and exciting project which I will reveal in due course.
As a species we have always been obsessed with finding hidden treasures in search of wealth, success and happiness. Man has struggled, toiled and risked his life to find the hidden treasures such as gold, silver and companionship.
For as long as I can remember I read books, studied science and technology, practiced martial arts obsessively and watched sports to find the secrets of being a master or a champion. The more I learnt about a subject, skill or sport the essence became more obscure and difficult to find. I was going crazy with all the information. I desperately needed to make things simple.
To get to the heart or the essence you have to strip away the unessentials. Peel away the outer layers or the skin to get to the juicy fruit. Legendary martial artist Bruce Lee captured the essence.
“It’s not the daily increase but a daily decrease. Hack away at the unessentials to find the truth” Bruce Lee
Strive to make things simple and focus on practice to achieve mastery.
“Things must be made as simple as possible and not any simpler” Albert Einstein
Once you have identified the essentials or the essence of any skill, knowledge or sport focus intensely on mastering them.
“I fear not the man who has practiced 10,000 kicks, but I fear the man who has practiced one kick 10,000 times” Bruce Lee.
Let me illustrate with 4 examples
1. Essence of Sports
There are hundreds of moves, forms (kata) and drills to learn a martial art such as karate and perform efficiently and effectively to earn a black belt individually and with an opponent. However, the essence is only a few techniques.
Punches – straight, up and round (from left to right and vice verse). In boxing they are called left jab, right cross, hook and uppercut
Kicks – front, side, roundhouse (front and back)
Attack and evasion — move forward, backwards and sideways
To win in combat you must do these movements faster, stronger and longer than your opponent and at the right time. This is simple but not easy. You much practice daily to develop the speed, power and endurance. The key to mastery is repetition.
“Repetition is the mother of skill”. Tony Robbins
If you notice the top tennis players in the world they will only have one or two shots where they are better than anyone else. They are the best at either at the serve, forehand, backhand, serve and volley with an occasional drop shot. The rest depends on speed, power, endurance and timing.
2) Essence of strength
To develop great strength focus on just 3 exercises. Do 5 repetitions and 5 sets 3 times a week with maximum weight you can manage.
i) Bench press
iii) Dead lift
Make sure you warm up throughly and concentrate on low repetition with heavy weight. As your muscles get stronger add a little more weight. Eat more protein and vegetables. Get plenty of rest.
3) Essence of doing a PhD
To do an excellent PhD find out what has already been done and do something new. You then have to write it up in a theses. The essence involves doing 3 things daily
i) Read 1 paper, article or page
ii) Plan and do 1 experiment.
iii) Think about your results, compare them with other people and write up the experiment.
These 3 things make up for over 90% of what counts. The rest is easy and involves training, seminars, meetings, conferences, presentations, viva and discussions.
4) Essence of Learning
To remember new information or learn any subject whether it is science or humanities or languages is simple but requires effort. Follow these 3 steps
i) Associate what you want to learn with something you already know in a ridiculous, exaggerated and weird way.
ii) Picture it in your mind. See it, feel it, smell it, touch it and hear it.
iii) Repeat frequently
You must apply these three steps to the right materials. Choose the material using the Pareto Principle commonly known as the 80/20 rule which dictates that 80% of the results in any endeavour come from 20% of the input, material, or effort. When you apply it to learning a new language then you can understand 95% of a language and hold a good conversation is a few months of focused learning. However to learn 98% of a language may take 10 years. To learn English it will take you a week or two to learn the 100 most common words.
About half of all written English involves these 100 words and the first 300 words make up 65% of English Language. This can be applied to other languages such as Hindi and Urdu. To develop vocabulary beyond the most common 300 words focus on reading about subjects that you are most passionate about. Reading news papers or something you have no interest will make you quite after a while. Use the language as a vehicle to learn more about a subject. If you have poor material then you will be rubbish at the language you’re trying to learn.
It is difficult for westerners to learn Indian languages. The words, sounds, structure and pronunciations seem weird. My sister-in-law, a native American, learnt to understand and speak fluent Hindi and Urdu in a few months by watching Bollywood movies everyday. She never attended any classes or used language tapes or books and shocked the whole family with her fluency. Her motivation was to enjoy the movies. She loved the fancy costumes and exotic locations in these films. By the way the stories are always the same. Once she understood the basic grammar she acquired vocabulary surprisingly quickly just by watching popular Indian dramas daily. She has picked up all the culture and customs along with the languages. She cooks great Indian dishes as well.
If enjoy the material then you will invest the time and get a very return on you investment of effort. Focus on the essence, commit to mastering the fundamentals and in no time I’ll see you at the top or on stage accepting your PhD.
This is a guest post by Mary Tait
To further your aims and get that all important starting letter through your door you must make a good impression at interview. Your personality as well as your abilities will undoubtedly be taken into account. Many employers will use the information gained from your Curriculum Vitae to ask questions and try and relate the tasks and experience as well as your achievements to their needs. So it is important that your talents are focused to fit with what the prospective employer seeks.
Employers can get as anxious at interview as prospective employees, so do keep this in mind and try not to let your nerves take over. To help you and them relax many employers may start their interview process on a friendly note generally beginning with such topics as the weather or your journey. From this he may be able to judge whether or not you chat too much or whether or not you are able to cut to the point of the interview without being unfriendly. Nerves can cause you too chat too much so do try and keep them under control. Try and talk directly to the point.
The company may have set guidelines regarding the questions that they ask at interview so if you have a close friend who is working there, there is no harm in asking them for advice.
Remember too that at interview people who make eye contact are seen as trustworthy. Don’t stare though as this will just alarm the interviewer.
Try and avoid asking the interviewer personal questions that are irrelevant to the position you are seeking, but remember too that interviewers like to feel important.
To assess a candidate’s skill a recruiter may ask you how you organise things. Think about how you organise your daily workload, your filing system or a project and explain to him how it has maximised the potential of your time management.
Some employers may ask you how you solve problems. They may be interested in your
analytical or customer service skills. Have a think about how you have solved problems in the past and what the outcome has been. The recruiter may give you a hypothetical problem and ask you how you would solve it… be ready.
Communication is key in all manner of positions. Before the interview has even begun the recruiter may be already assessing your communication skills. Be clear! The way you dress will communicate your appearance. The way you sit will communicate whether you are seen as tidy or slovenly. Communication skills can say all manner of things about you before you even open your mouth. However, once the interview has begun the recruiter may further assess your communication skills through the spoken word. Can you talk confidently on the phone? Many people can’t! He will be testing your efficiency in communicating and relating information clearly and confidently. He may also ask if about your writing skills and if you have written reports he may be
interested in seeing some of them. Remember too that listening is an all important part of communication.
Team Work and Social Standing
The recruiter will need to assess whether or not you will get on with the rest of the taskforce. Superiors, colleagues and subordinates, internal and external agencies. Do you work better as part of a team or on your own initiative? Are you a team leader? How would you lead a team? How would you handle a problem with a colleague who wasn’t pulling his weight?
Dependent on the position you are seeking this may be a make or break question. How well do you manage difficult decision? How quickly can you implement them? How do you reach a decision?
More help on interviews coming soon……
Phone: 0345 370 9940
Interview with Professor Waqar Ahmed, Head of the UCLAN Institute of Nanotechnology and Bioengineering
Introducing the Institute for Nanotechnology and Bioengineering
Can you tell me about the Institute? What it is for, what it’s aims are?
The Institute is called the Institute of Nanotechnology and Bioengineering, and it originally came about as a result of discussions with researchers working in the area of nanotechnology. However, we wanted the Institute to have much broader themes, so included Bioengineering in its development also. It began really when I did a feasibility study across the University, and there were quite a few people working on Nanotechnology-related projects. Consequently, I collected a number of research papers from those colleagues working in related areas, and presented them to the Deputy Vice Chancellor, with a proposal that a formal collaboration be recognised between the Nanotechnology and Bioengineering. This kind of work is more widespread than you might think, and is going on currently in several different Schools. The School of Computing, Engineering and Physical Science (CEPS) for example features the work of Andrei Zvelindovsky in computational modelling of soft matter; I myself am working on surface coatings, and Ian Sherrington is working on NanoTribology. Also, the Centre for Materials Science in School of Forensic Science & Investigative Sciences headed up by Gary Bond, where Tapas Sen is working on surface patterning techniques using nano-structured materials. In addition to this, we have a very strong research group in Fire, Fire Retardancy and Nano Polymers, Nano Composite materials, involving both Anna Stec and Richard Hull who are interested in looking at toxic particles generated during a fire. A lot of these are nano sized so Nano Fire has become a major group within the Institute.
So, modelling, nano fire, and then there is also work in the School of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences and where Abdulbary Elhissi and Tony D’Emanuelle are working on nanocarriers such as liposomes, and dendromers to trap certain anti-cancer drugs, and anti-asthma drugs for targeted delivery to affected region. So this is not the development of new drugs, but rather improving the delivery systems from the point of administration to the point at which the drug becomes active. Thus drug delivery is a strong group within Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences headed by Abdelbary Elhissi, and has a lot of interaction with other members of the Institute. We have a large the number of PhD students, some of whom are looking at nano carriers for cancer and asthma type applications – so this is another area of strength.
We are also working with Mike Holmes and David Phoenix on peptides, proteins and membranes – this forms another theme within the Institute.
In summary of the above, they are all areas that have the common theme of looking at modelling with nano materials and nano carrier systems – so the modelling group is the integral part of the Institute.
There is also subsidiary work going on, for example looking at blood flow modelling with one of the PhD students, Richard Wain – who is also looking at bone modelling. I am also interested in looking at gait analysis for biometrics so I have a collaboration with Norway looking at this. All of these areas can be brought together under the Bioengineering theme. Whilst we want to specialise within the Institute, we also want to be flexible enough to incorporate other groups and broaden our core applications.
The Institute is also both here, at UClan, and also, in China. Two years ago the University made an investment in China and had a facility there, in a prime location. It was decided to allocate the space to the Institute, and allow them to develop research groupings related to the activities above, and also, increase their reputation in that region. Thus, a call for proposals was launched at UCLan to work with some of the most prestigious institutions in China. Not only will this be reputation enhancing, but it will give the Institute access to a lot of excellent Chinese facilities as well as those in Shenzen. The aim is to work with the Universities that are in the top 100 Universities worldwide, based in China. As a result, four projects have been funded in China working with such Universities. An example of this is a project with Fudan University, on nanoparticles for water purification. A co-authored publications with them should it emerge, would be an excellent way in which to raise the profile of uclan and the Institute, and the work that it intends doing.
Sichuan University also, on drug delivery – so we are looking to develop some good projects for publication and reputational enhancement. The long term aim is not to just become published, but to develop the projects with key institutions in China and grow our research collaboration with them. Anna Stec and Richard Hull’s project in nano-toxicity is one of those that has been funded for delivery via the virtual institute. We aim to build a testing facility, with a base of up to five researchers over there, and potentially working towards income generation using that facility. The purpose of the facility will be to look at nano-composite polymers that have been developed, burning them, looking at their behaviour, testing, modelling and then looking, for example, at the effect on lungs. It is important to understand the toxicity of nano-particle materials when they are burnt, and this facility will help with that.
There are also developments ongoing with jointly funded projects between UCLan and the Chinese institutes. Colleagues from UCLan are in China finalising these, and working out such details as intellectual property rights, after which the projects may be signed off and launched. We also hope that the Institute will be a central location for anyone who is wanting to collaborate with or work in China. An example of that is that currently, Andrei Zvenlindovsky and Marco Pinna are working on a project there involving the modelling of soft matter, and it is hoped other staff will similarly work from there developing further links
Another key aim of the Institute, by virtue of funding projects, is to allow some of the younger, early career researchers to become involved and responsible for the project management, consequently developing their research leadership skills. They will be supported by the established professors, but the immediate hands-on management will be their responsibility. Part of their brief as well as publications will be to look at some IPR to generate some commercial income in the future. Already, there is the possibility of securing a number of patents.
The Institute is a good example, already, of how the various pockets of research excellence across the University can collaborate. Too frequently, we become immersed in the culture and practice of our own particular subject, our own interest. Yet the Institute demonstrates the huge benefits and potential of interdisciplinary, cross-University research collaboration, and it would be good to see more of this developing. We have recently started what we hope will become a series of research “dinners”, where the group can all meet outside of the University and discuss their research, and ways of developing new lines, new projects for enquiry. Clearly, with the research competition that exists, particularly from the more established research universities such as the Russell group, it can feel like a daunting prospect being a lone researcher. Together, however, as in our case – an Institute – the cross fertilisation of ideas; the shared learning; the ease of communication; the growth – creates a dynamic environment to put our research at the forefront in certain areas. That is our objective. If we are successful, then we hope to move this model of working out to other countries such as India, Sri Lanka, Cypress and Indonesia where there are opportunities for us to expand the recruitment of high quality research students.
Professor Mike Holmes was talking to Professor Waqar Ahmed, Head of the Institute of Nanotechnology and Bioengineering. April 2011
Do you come up with elaborate plans to accomplish things? Do you have plan to write a research paper?
For the past 20 years I have sat down with dozens of research students and made plans to help them achieve the goals. I took into account their abilities, time commitments, personal life and worked with students to develop excellent plans. Plans if executed well could have achieved spectacular results. Less than 5% of the students followed their plan.
Why did the plans fail most of the time?
Most of the people were convinced that they had a killer plan guaranteed to work. I found that the most important thing was not the plan but the daily habits.
Many incredibly talented students achieved rather average results because they had poor habits. However, I have had below average students who achieved outstanding results.
If you have 10 great plans but don’t follow them then they are useless. The problem is not that people don’t know what to do rather people don’t do what they know. It’s the doing that makes all the difference. Knowing is not enough one must do.
How do you get students to do something rather than just sit and reflect until the cows come home? It’s not that people are not motivated. You can get people to do something for a few days. That is not hard, however to follow through consistently is the trick. How can you get them to stick to it?
When I started reading papers early on in my career, I knew I could do it for a few days but found it hard to stick to it. I decided to go to library straight to library after lunch to relax and read. I started to enjoy and look forward to my daily trip to the library. I read articles to enjoy them. Soon I got addicted and then kept going everyday. I hated weekends because I couldn’t go to the library. I couldn’t wait for monday to come. As my knowledge increased people’s started commented on my breadth of knowledge and I enjoyed the compliments. This made it even more enjoyable to go to the library. This became a daily habit during my PhD and many years after.
I have also recently had dozens of plans and exercise routines and do it for a week or so and then become a coach potato again. Sticking to it long enough to make a difference to my fitness and weight.
You need to find a way of creating a habit of reading papers or exercising to make it a habit you can stick to. Forming a habit that can be a part of your lifestyle then you’ll stick to it and then achievements and success will follow you wherever you go.
Here are the 7 steps to creating a habit.
1. Start small
2. Do it everyday
3. Never go more than two consecutive days without doing the habit
4. Reward yourself straight after doing the habit
5. Be accountable to someone whose opinion you care about.
6. Set incremental goals
7. Enjoy the habit
This is a guest post by Mary J Tait
By all means apply for a position or positions relevant to your job goals. Experience is just as important, if not more important than qualifications. After all what is a qualification but a measure of your knowledge in your specific area. The two things go hand in hand.
Applying for Jobs or Starting on your own?
Communicate effectively, show enthusiasm, keep motivated. It can be a hard slog if you are up hundreds of other graduates. However do keep in mind that the guy with the highest score may not necessarily want the same position as you never mind apply for it.
Think seriously about where you want to be in 5 or 10 years time and work towards it. Some graduates do start up their own companies whilst in University, or soon after they leave. This is all well and good, however, a little experience in working for someone else first will help you overcome many problems you encounter when working for yourself.
If you are starting up on your own you may have difficulty in finding funding. Have a look on the internet at “Crowd Funding”. Although you may not be able to get the funding for the project you want setting up a community project via this source may well help raise your profile and acumen for setting up a business. It may give you valuable leads, however it will also give you invaluable experience.
Believing in yourself is have the battle. Believe you can get the position you desire and you will. Believe in yourself – act positively and pro-actively. If you cannot convince yourself you are ready for a position how can you convince an employer?
Some companies may allow you to shadow a specific role for a day or two and although this may not earn you the salary you had hoped for it will help boost your confidence and give you an insight into how a specific company does things. It is also something to add to your CV. As long as it is in the same field as you wish to work it shows that you are committed to achieving your goals and whose to say what will happen once you are on site. You may be asked for your opinion on something – use your integrity when answering and remember…
Employers like to be thought of as intelligent even if they don’t have a degree.
Perhaps some of them are not managing their workforce as productively as they could – be very, very tactful if you know better!
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